A source for information on roaches
Brown banded roaches are
light brown to dark glossy brown in color. They get their name from the two light-yellow cross bands at the base of
their wings. Males have full wings that extend past the tip of the abdomen while the wings of females are shorter
than the abdomen.
Approximately 5/8 to ½-inch in length.
Brown banded cockroaches are usually active at night, and nymphs and adults jump
rapidly when disturbed. They do not require a lot of moisture and tend to avoid light. They feed on sweet and
starchy foods and even non-food materials. They are commonly transported in furniture, luggage, and other items in
houses and develop into large infestations under warm, humid conditions. They tend to avoid light, often hiding
behind pictures or posters, and are the most active at night.
Females deposit ¼ inch long egg capsules in clusters on furniture, draperies, wall decorations, shelving, and
ceilings. The egg capsule contains 14 to 16 eggs, and a female produces 10 to 20 capsules in her lifetime. Adults
can survive for up to 150-200 days. Brown banded roaches can foul food, damage wallpaper and books, eat glue from
furniture and produce an unpleasant odor.
Brown banded roaches prefer to hide in warm, dry, elevated areas. They are found near the ceiling, behind wall
decorations and loose wallpaper, in closets, beneath or inside upholstered furniture, and in electrical appliances
such as TV sets, stereos, radios and toasters. Nocturnal; can fly. They may be found throughout any structure, but
prefer dry, warm areas, high locations and inside furniture.
The Brown banded cockroach does not require as close a proximity to moisture as the German cockroach, which they
are often mistaken for, and therefore are often found in other rooms than the kitchen and bathroom. Control is
difficult since they live widely dispersed as individuals scattered all over the premises. Infestation may be
evident by the presence of tiny, dark droppings and cast skins on cabinets and shelves.
Brown banded cockroaches are carriers of pathogens and can contaminate food with certain bacterial diseases that
result in food poisoning, dysentery or diarrhea. Some homeowners are allergic to Brown banded cockroaches; some
health experts have claimed that the inhalation of feces and body fragments have caused an increase in asthma
cases, especially in inner-city children.
Scavenger; eats almost anything.
Female carries egg capsule for 24 to 36 hours, then attaches it underneath or on the side of a protected
surface. Capsules contain an average of 18 eggs. Nymphs reach maturity in an average of 161 days. Adults live up to
Brown-banded cockroaches are commonly found infesting human dwellings. True to their name, brown-banded
cockroaches have two brown bands that run across their abdomens. The brown bands are visible on every stage of the
roaches’ life cycle.
Brown Cockroach Illustration
Brown-banded cockroaches are relatively small. Adults measure approximately ½” in length (males are slightly
longer than females). Adults are light brown in color, with fully developed wings. Brown-banded cockroaches undergo
three stages of development: egg, nymph and adult. Females can produce up to 14 egg capsules in one lifetime, which
ranges in length from 13 to 45 weeks. The brown-banded cockroach egg stage typically lasts 37 to 103 days.
Brown-banded cockroaches prefer dry and warm locations and can be found inside cabinets, pantries and closets. ,
They can also be found in electronic equipment or around refrigerator motor housings. Brown-banded cockroaches can
also hide from humans in a variety of places such as clocks and picture frames. They tend to avoid water sources
and are more commonly found near the ceilings of infested homes. Brown-banded cockroach infestations can pose a
number of health risks. These roaches have been found to carry and spread dangerous bacteria and protozoa, which
cause gastroenteritis and diarrhea. More commonly, roaches indoors have been found to trigger asthma and
The first step in addressing any cockroach infestation is to identify the species correctly. The techniques used
to manage one species seldom prove effective when applied to another species. Thus, it is best to contact your
local pest control professional if you suspect an infestation.
In controlling brown banded roach infestations, it is helpful to seal cracks and holes behind toilets and around
plumbing pipes under sinks. Also, do not store cardboard boxes and paper bags under sinks or in the kitchen or
bathroom since they tend to congregate in them. Inspect stored food containers, appliances and used furniture for
egg cases that may be brought into the home.
Cockroaches require plenty of food, water and shelter in order to thrive. Limiting any one of these necessities
makes it more difficult for cockroach populations to become established and escalate in size. The following steps
are helpful in preventing and limiting cockroach infestations:
- Inspect all incoming food goods, boxes and used furniture and appliances for the presence of cockroaches or
their egg capsules. Remove any cockroaches or egg capsules using a vacuum or otherwise killing the
- In commercial facilities, avoid storing food items in cardboard boxes on shelves. Cardboard is a preferred
harborage site for cockroaches.
- In apartments and condos, do not store paper bags under the sink or elsewhere in the kitchen. Store bags in
the garage or rooms other than the kitchen area, utility room or bathroom..
- Seal holes or cracks around plumbing pipes under sinks, behind toilets, etc.
- Regularly vacuum and clean floors under kitchen appliances.